Three Cultural "Images" of One Theme: Petrarch and German Interpreters of the 16th century
Keywords:Petrarch Master of Petrarch Pinitian Reformation Renaissance fortune wealth poverty
The subject of the article obtains special significance today when we celebrate the five hundred anniversary of the German reformation. Recent research findings demonstrate that the beginning of the 16th century was the time not only of huge social tension, but also of intensive cultural activity. Primarily on the basis of Petrarch’s dialogue “On the loss of property”, the 1530s Pinitian’s epigraphs as well as the 1520s Master of Petrarch’s woodcut, the author reveals how the three «texts» interact with one another.
The author comes to a conclusion that the Petrarch’s dialogue belongs to the genre of secular reflections. It has been based on both the Stoic philosophy and the contemporary experience. As the Protestant and the priest, Pinitian focuses on the subject of loss. In the field of general didactics, his views are close to the ones of Petrarch. However, Pinitian excludes Classical examples as well as a theme of fate from his writings. Master of Petrarch depicts the theme of loss in the scene of shipwreck. All the three authors show that a man should respond to destiny’s challenge by adhering to the Stoic and Christian values. They declare that the person’s values are not diminished by the loss of property.