The world of the masculine entertainments in Petrarch's texts and their visual German interpretations (gamblings)
The author analyzes dialogues by the Italian humanist Petrarch (1304-1374) "On dicing and stones" and "On successful dicing", woodcuts by «Master of Petrarch» from 1519-1520s that accompany the dialogues, epigraphs written by the German poet-priest Pinitian in 1530s. Thus, the author reveals how three "texts" interact with each other. Dialogues may be regarded as a kind of "photos" of the Italian daily life in the 14th century made by a humanist and an intellectual. Epigraphs and woodcuts, on the contrary, we consider as a reflection of the German daily life during the Age of Reformation. Petrarch's dialogues show that the German reader would approve them even without epigraphs and illustrations. Topical character, relevance of a subject has only grown in 150 years. In lines of epigraphs and woodcuts, it got shades of «The city during the plague» in Germany of the Reformation epoch. We can find more plagues, hostility, cruelty, than bad fun. Pinitian accentuated in his epigraphs Christian and didactic components of dialogues. The secular component of the text and rich humanistic rhetorics of the dialogues pass to a background. Master of Petrarch had pointed social sounding of a subject. Woodcuts show reformatory condemnation of wealth and aimless expenditure; condemn weapon usage as a way of civil and daily conflicts resolution. They also condemn oblivion of humanity and impoverishment of souls.