Combat Of Thirty (March 26th, 1351): Martial Practices And Tools Of The Chivalric Formal Combat And Their Receptions In Texts And Images In The Second Half Of 14th – 15th Centuries
Keywords:formal combat, chivalry, European arms and armour in 14th century, medieval fighting manuals
The paper focuses on the iconic chivalric formal combat that took place in Bretagne on March 26th, 1351, during the War of the Breton Succession. Conflicts between the French and English small castles of Josselin and Ploërmel were resolved in a duel between thirty Montfortist knights led by Robert Bemborough, and thirty supporters of Charles de Blois led by Jean de Beaumanoir. Thirty fighters by each side clashed in fierce unmounted melee. Victory of French party had not any tactical impact upon the war, but took air far beyond of the Duchy of Brittany as exemplary deed of arms. The article aims to investigate martial practices and tools of combat and its receptions in texts and images of the Hundred Years War period. Another discussing question is the Combat of Thirty’s reproduction in East-Central Europe – the battle of Koronovo (October 10th, 1410), which has striking similarities with conflict between Josselin and Ploërmel. “Flos duellatorum”, illustrated fighting manual of north Italian master Fiore dei Liberi are exploring for research of fighting techniques with Combat of Thirty’s principal weapons: lance, sword, pollaxe, and dagger.
I express my deep gratitude to Professor Steven Muhlberger for giving me opportunity to acquaint with updated version of his article on the Combat of Thirty.