Motives of Transcarpathian architecture in Zoltan Sholtes creativity
Keywords:Z. Sholtes, Transcarpathian school of painting, landscape, architectural motives, means of expression, creative method
The article reveals the peculiarities of Zoltan Sholtes' work in the open air. The typological characteristics of the artist's landscapes by thematic and semantic aspects are determined. Landscape with architectural motifs is one of the dominant plots, along with a lyrical chamber sketch, a rural landscape and a panoramic landscape-picture. Some landscapes with motifs of Transcarpathian architecture, in addition to artistic value, have ethnographic value, as they show architectural monuments that have not been preserved to this day. Art analysis of landscapes with motifs of the fortifications of Uzhgorod and Mukachevo, as well as wooden bell towers and churches showed the peculiarities of the creative method. This is work in the open air, solving pictorial and figurative tasks, the use of realistic-impressionist means of artistic expression. The plein air experience contributed to the formation of a recognizable author's handwriting of the artist. This is a special approach to the interpretation of planning and spatial relationships; compositional division of the canvas into plans with a high horizon line and a blank foreground; use of vibrating expressive writing technique a la Prima; combination of active modeling smear with transparent generalized planes; color experiments, a special ratio of warm and cold shades in particular. The main means of emotional expression of the works are defined by color means; means of author's equipment; composite means; figurative means, expressed through the peculiarities of the interpretation of the planes of the foreground and the sky, which enhance the emotional component of the landscape. Detailed reproduction of a visible plot with an architectural object and the search for a unique image inspired by this plot, the formation of the appropriate mood, and the manifestation of philosophical, symbolic subtext determine the peculiarity of the artist's creative method.
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