Problems of the Artistic Education Availability for the Late Medieval and Early Modern Women
Keywords:gender, art education, unequal opportunities, female artists
The article deals with the gender discrimination in the field of artistic education during the late medieval and early modern periods. The author analyzes the historiography of the gender art history, focusing on the publications concerning the artistic education of the period mentioned above. As far as the Ukrainian scholarship is concerned, the author highlights the absence of studies dealing with the portraits of female characters and paintings by female artists of the late medieval and early modern times. There are only a few papers dealing with the subject, since as a rule, the women were almost excluded from the history and, in particular, from the history of art.
Consequently, the author concludes that the artistic education for women was more like a conformance exception than a rule. The absence of great female artists among the masters of late mediaeval and early modern art may be explained as the result of social restrictions, which determined the women’s position in society, the hierarchy of arts, the lack of the artistic education availability, the prohibition to draw the academic figures, the restriction either to sign the paintings, or to sell them. It was prohibited for women artists to establish their own ateliers as well. All these facts testify to the existence of gender inequality in the artistic education in the late medieval and early modern periods.