Oriental plots in the history of the Saints Peter & Paul Garrison church (Jesuit church) in Lviv.

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17721/2519-4801.2023.1.07

Keywords:

Jesuits, Jesuit church, Garrison Church, Lviv, Lviv Jesuit Collegium, frescoes, St. Ignatius of Loyola, St. Francis Xavier, missionary work

Abstract

The opening of the former Jesuit Cathedral of the Saint Apostles Peter and Paul in Lviv in December 2011, which got the status of the Garrison Church, actualized the issue of this research and the understanding of its historical and cultural heritage. The process of church restoration that started in 2012 and continues to this day has become the catalyst for these studies. To a large extent, significant attention to artistic and historical research on the exterior and interior of the temple has been drawn by the need for a professional restoration of the church’s ornaments. Taking into account the fact that the majority of the church’s ornaments were created mostly in the XVII-XVIII centuries, its research provides an opportunity to understand the artistic and religious culture of the region at that time in a better way. At the same time, such studies provide an opportunity to research interregional cultural interactions as well. One of the examples is the plots connected with the events and peoples that inhabited the Near and Far East. Eastern motives occupy a special place in the activity of the Society of Jesus, which was particularly successful in spreading the Word of God in the Orient starting from the XVII-XVIII centuries. According to the sources, Lviv has also played an important role in the «Eastern»” plans of the Jesuits. In a way, Lviv was a center from which Jesuits gradually expanded their structure to the East. In particular, some monks started their missions to the Ottoman Empire and neighboring lands from Lviv. Moreover, a significant number of different nations of the East among whom monks carried out their missionary work was located in the city. These events were reflected in the artistic ornaments of the church of the Saint Apostles Peter and Paul as well as in its activity. In spite of the fact that the Eastern motives could be studied as a separate research group, they comprised a logical part of the general church ornaments that were based on the idea of missionary work. Taking into account what was mentioned before, this article is an attempt to interpret the ornaments of the Garrison Church of Saint Apostles Peter and Paul (former Jesuit Cathedral) a significant part of which is dedicated to Eastern motives. 




Published

2023-06-04

Issue

Section

Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern art

How to Cite

Oriental plots in the history of the Saints Peter & Paul Garrison church (Jesuit church) in Lviv. (2023). Text and Image: Essential Problems in Art History, 1(15), 100–112. https://doi.org/10.17721/2519-4801.2023.1.07