Modeling of microhistory in a narrative exposition on the example of the exhibition project at Taras Shevchenko National Museum «Shevchenko in the language of the city»
Keywords:microhistory, museum, narrative exposition, modeling
The article attempts to analyze the method of historical modelling in a narrative exposition on the example of an exhibition project at the Taras Shevchenko National Museum "Shevchenko in the language of the city."
In modern exhibition design, the communicative approach is defined as a way to establish a dialogue between the exhibit and the visitor. In this case, there are two cornerstones. Firstly, to provide an important condition for the visitor's ability to understand the “language of things”. And, secondly, to organize the unique exhibition space.
Today, the museum exposition is one of the main and the most important means of communication between the visitor and the museum’s stories. The communication system refers to the top qualities of modern design at the museum exposition.
Therefore, the author defined the main purpose of the study as clarifying the features of the interaction (spectator-exhibit-exhibition) in terms of a new approach to creating an exhibition space (using narration, the method of historical modelling). In the postmodern world, this kind of space is positioned not only as an area of knowledge or aesthetic pleasure but also as a meeting space, which equalizes social status and removes barriers to communication. Following the set goal, the exhibition project implemented several tasks. The first one is to form a holistic narrative of the project, which helped to immerse visitors in the theme of the project, allowing them to be present in that time and space. The second one is to demonstrate the role of the city in human life in an accessible way and the opportunities it opens up for career building, multifaceted implementation, and further chances. The last one is to model two micro-stories of people who have realized themselves in the urban space, "take" from the city certain benefits, but at the same time "give", invest in the city. Thanks to the method of historical modelling, the exhibition space turns into a "living picture" of the epoch.
In the Ukrainian-language museum segment, this topic presented quite bland, although in the western territories such researchers as M. Kagan, K. Mannheim, and E. Rozemblium work with it more widely.
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